What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a big group of infections that induce illnesses varying from the standard cold to further critical diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a recent infection witnessed in 2019 and not identified in humans previously. It’s a respiratory disorder generated by a new virus. Similar to other coronaviruses, it has evolved from animals. Lately, an explosion of the COVID-19 in China has created a global concern. It originated from a seafood and meat market in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Coronaviruses circulating in animals, and some of these possess the ability to spread among animals and humans known as spillovers. Most often, this takes place when an infected person sneezes or coughs, transferring tiny droplets into the air. These drops can get inside the nose, mouth, or eyes of someone in the neighborhood or inhale in from the air. It can also scatter from direct contact with infected surfaces or objects. Consider an example a person can suffer from COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.
The fast-spreading of the COVID-19 has triggered alert globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced this rapidly expanding coronavirus outburst a pandemic, and several countries are struggling with an increase in confirmed cases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the US is warning & advising citizens to be ready for complications to everyday living that is essential if the coronavirus spreads within towns.
No particular treatments for coronaviruses developed yet, but the symptoms can get treated. The antiviral medications consumed against the flu will not work in this case. Recovery relies upon the strength of the immune system. The virus is diagnosing with the help of the laboratory tests.
According to the CDC, victims with confirmed positive COVID-19 have moderate to critical respiratory disease with symptoms of:
1. High fever
2. Dry Cough
3. Difficulty in breathing
4. Some sufferers exhibit other signs including, arthralgia, muscle aches, headache, sore throat, or diarrhea.
5. In severe cases, the virus can cause pneumonia, harsh & intense respiratory diagnostic, kidney damage, and even death.
When to consult a doctor?
If you own symptoms and can control & handle those signs at home, then there is no need to seek health care or tests for COVID-19. Just stay at your homes while you are not feeling well. If you have symptoms like fever, coughing, muscle aches, sore throat, and headache, you can stay at your place for at least 7 days, and 3 days with no fever and improvement of indications—whichsoever is long-lasting.
If the victim is older or has fundamental medical conditions, it can be crucial to let medical treatment professionals identify that you are suffering. If the indications are worsening at any moment, then there is an immediate need to consult a doctor.
Coronavirus Prevention Tips:
The below tips are to encourage safe habits among individuals. For the well-being of the people and employees, implementation of the following precautionary measures in place to combat the spread of COVID-19 is necessary-
· Better hygiene – Everybody must practice good hygiene to guard against infection and prevent the virus from growing. It includes:
i. Covering your nose and mouth while coughing and sneezing with your elbow or a tissue/hanky.
ii. Dispose of the used tissues properly.
iii. If sick, avoid contacting & meeting with others and maintaining a distance of 1.5 meters from people.
iv. Wash hands regularly with soap and water, including pre and post dining, and after using the washrooms.
v. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers to keep yourself protected while touching any surface or object.
vi. Routinely cleaning, sanitizing, disinfecting surfaces to make it infection-free.
vii. Clean and sanitize continually used objects & gadgets, namely, mobiles, keys, and wallets.
· Surgical masks – Remedial masks in the area are entirely helpful in safeguarding people who have coronavirus infection from reaching it to others. If you are in close connection with an infected person, a mask decreases the risk of the virus being transfer. If somebody exhibiting the signs of coronavirus, then wearing a mask can protect others from infection. Hence, masks are significant for the well-being and social concern workers serving patients and also recommended for family members who require to care for someone unwell – ideally, both the sufferer and worker should wear a mask. However, these masks will give a slight decrease in the chance of getting infected when you’re just strolling around town, taking public transport, visiting public places (parks, gym, malls), or attending huge gatherings. But, if you wish to utilize them, be cautious when fitting the mask and avoid touching it to touch your nose or mouth because the virus can develop by dirty & unwashed hands.
· Social distancing – An approach to reduce the expanse of infections is social distancing. The strategy implementation achieved in the following ways:
i. Stay at home when you are feeling unwell.
ii. Decreasing physical contact, particularly with people at tremendous risk like old-people, people with weak immune systems, and people with existing health conditions.
iii. Avoid massive public gatherings if they are not essential.
iv. Keep a gap of 1.5 meters between you and other people whenever feasible.